Saint Vincent Seminary is the oldest major seminary in the United States operated by Benedictine monks. Canonically established in 1855 by Pope Pius IX, the Seminary's roots lie much farther back in time. With the new millennium, the Seminary enters its third century; during that time it has given the Church more than forty bishops and abbots, both in America and Europe. Also among its alumni are musicians and historians, labor priests and biblical scholars. This history traces the growth of the Seminary from its origins in Bavaria to its activities today, while keeping in view the wider field of Christendom.